Agriculture is a branch of an economy that specializes in providing the public with goods and obtaining of the raw materials for a number of other industries. This branch is one of the crucial industries for practically all of the countries. The agriculture employs around 1 billion of economically active population all over the globe. Food supply security depends on the state of this industry. Such areas of science as agronomics, animal breeding, land development, crop farming, forestry and others are either directly or indirectly connected with the current issues in agriculture.

Agriculture stems from the so called “Neolithic revolution” which occurred in the factors of production approximately 12 thousand years ago and which subsequently led to the foundation of agriculture and development of civilization.